Ph. D., University of Michigan. Martha Brandt Bolton has published articles on a number of figures and topics in the history of early modern philosophy. Her articles include: 'Locke and Leibniz on the Structure of Substance and Powers: the Metaphysics of Moral Subjects', Studies on Locke: Sources, Contemporaries, and Legacy, eds. Sarah Hutton and Paul Shurman; 'Causality and Causal Induction: The Necessitarian Theory of Lady Mary Shepherd' in Causation and Modern Philosophy, eds. Keith Allen and Tom Stoneham, and 'Primary and Secondary Qualities in the Phenomenalist Theory of Leibniz' in Primary and Secondary Qualities: the Historical and Ongoing Debate, Larry Nolan, ed.